How To Start Goat Farming In Nigeria

How To Start Goat Farming In Nigeria

Agriculture in its entirety doesn’t focus only on the growth and sale of farm crops. Animals are also reared, and this sector of agriculture is referred to as animal husbandry. This article is going to focus on how to start, run and grow a successful goat farming business in Nigeria, Kenya, India, and anywhere else in the world.

In almost every street except the highly regulated residential areas of Lagos, Nigeria, there’s always at least a goat roaming about. People see these animals everyday and wonder why their owners let them move about recklessly. Though their numbers may be small, these animals serve as a means of lively hood to the people rearing them.

Just as poultry farming, fish farming and a host of other agribusinesses turn in high revenues when executed at the right scale, goat farming doesn’t just also generate a substantial income for investors, but is also a large business opportunity, especially for people living in the northern part of Nigeria and India.

See Also: How To Start A Cassava Farm In Nigeria: A Comprehensive Business Plan


What Is Goat Farming About?

Goat farming is the commercial rearing of various breeds of goats (or a single goat breed) in a confined environment or an expanse of land. It involves raising goats for various purposes like; dairy production, meat, fiber, and multiple other purposes.


Business Opportunities In Goat Farming Around The World

1). Goat Meat Production:

In many countries, billions of people consume goat meat. This extremely high demand has got supermarkets and abattoirs in countries like Australia, The United Kingdom, India, America, and many others stocking goat meat for sale on their shelves.

The abundance of goats in Australia is so high that the country hasn’t just become the largest exporter of live goats and goat products worldwide, but has also created a high business opportunity for goat farmers in the country. Despite the extreme number of goats and goat products exported from Australia yearly to many other countries, the demand for goat meat remains insatiable.

In Nigeria, the level of goat meat consumption is so extreme that many workers look forward to their closing hours, so they can rush off to a bar for a goat meat pepper soup meal. This demand has made the pepper soup business flourish in the country.

People eat goat meat at home, work, restaurants, parties, and in many other places. When they’re asked for an option of meat, many choose goat meat ahead of chicken meat.

The Nigerian dwarf goat is one of the most common goat breeds raised for household consumption in Nigeria. Many homes in the south-south and south-eastern part of the country rear them both for their personal family consumption and for sale at local markets.

With Nigeria’s population sitting at over 170 million and over 5 million people consuming goat meat everyday, goat farming continues to be an extremely valuable business opportunity for new and existing farmers to venture into.


2). Dairy Production:

Dairy products like yoghurt, milk, cheese, butter, and more, can be processed from the milk gotten from dairy goats. This locally unpopular business opportunity in goat farming generates high revenue for many goat farmers around the world.

In many countries, goat milk is wildly produced for household consumption, but in Nigeria, hardly any home consumes goat milk, and so the milk’s commercial value is extremely low. Irrespective of this, goat milk is easy to digest than cow milk because of small fat globules and is naturally homogenized. It also helps in improving an individual’s appetite and digestive efficiency.

While dairy production from farm goats milk may not be a major buzz in Nigeria, in several other countries around the world, dairy goats are used immensely to fuel their dairy needs.

See Also: How To Start A Profitable Poultry Farming Business In Nigeria


Benefits Of Goat Farming

  1. It’s easier to raise goats than to rear chickens.
  2. A good source of employment at the right scale.
  3. A great source of food.
  4. The startup capital can be modest.
  5. Required labour is low.
  6. Good source of manure.
  7. Goat farming can be practiced in most weathers.
  8. All goat breeds can share the same environment and feed with cattle.
  9. Goats can serve as a major export product.
  10. Great source of protein!


The Types Of Goat Breeds

1). Nigerian Dwarf Goat:
The Nigerian Dwarf Goat - Goat Farming In Nigeria

These are the most common goats in Nigeria, and are used for several purposes. Ideally, the Nigerian Dwarf Goat is best used for dairy purposes, but people in Nigeria prefer to use them to prepare meals ranging from pepper soup to other African delicacies.

Irrespective of their small sizes, the Nigerian Dwarf Goats can produce 3-4 pounds of milk per day. They are the best dairy goats and contain 6.1% butterfat. Milking them is usually very difficult, but they can be raised all-year round.

Although the Nigerian Dwarf Goats are the best goats for milk production, their maintenance and up-keep cost can skyrocket sometimes.


2). Nubian Goats: Nubian Goats - Goat Farming In Nigeria

These goats are big, graceful, and also known as anglo-nubian. They are always said to be proud of their body structure, because of their Roman nose and long pendulum-like ears.

The Nubian goats are a cross breed of Indian and African bucks, and were raised in England. Their milk contains about 4.6% butterfat and so are not considered as heavy producers.

They breed seasonally and can be raised all year round.


3). Lamancha Goats:
Lamancha Goats - Goat Farming In Nigeria

These goats are usually found in the United States, but are of Spanish origin, are friendly, sturdy, and healthy goats. They provide rich dairy produce because they have the best dairy temperament.

The lamancha goats are medium sized, and have small tiny ears that are either gopher ears (sweet rolls) or elf ears (hooked ears).


4). Alpine Goats: Alpine Goats - Goat Farming In Nigeria

These goats are also known as the “French Alpines” because they first originated in the Alps. They are one of the most common goats that can be found in the United States. They adapt to any environment easily, because of their medium to large sizes. Their physical attributes makes raising them trouble-free.

The Alpine goats are one of the best used for dairy farming, as their milk contains approximately 3.5% of butterfat. They usually come in different colours and patterns, but a little disadvantage of rearing these goats is that they are seasonal breeders.


5). Oberhasli Goat: Oberhasli Goats - Goat Farming In Nigeria

These medium-sized built goats are also known as the “swiss alpine”. They are bay in colour with a lot of black spotting all around their body. The downside of these goats is they cannot be raised all year round and their milk contains 3.6% butterfat.


6). Boer Goat:
Boer Goats - Goat Farming In Nigeria

The boer goat is a unique breed of goat with a long hanging ear, roman nose, and are majorly reared in South Africa. They have backward curved horns, a white body and coloured head. They are also strong, vigorous, and have a gentle build. The downside of this goat breed is they only breed in September and towards the end of January.

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What And How Do Goats Feed?

Goats pay very close attention to the kind of food they eat. They focus on the accuracy and details of their meals. Because of their mobile upper lips and very prehensile tongues, they are easily able to browse on very short grass, and to feed on foilage not usually eaten by other domestic livestock. Goats have very good feeding habits. They can feed on a wide variety of animal food, but would refuse any feed that has been soiled by them or by any other animal.


How To Setup A Goat Farm

1). Acquire A Large Pasture: Goats In Pasture - Goat Farming In Nigeria

Getting a good pasture to rear your goats is important to the overall success of your goat farm. It’s important the landmass used for your goat farming business is not just in a remote area not too far from a city, but is also large enough to accommodate your grazing needs. Here are a few points to take note of when determining the kind of pasture to use for your goat farm:

  • Select a pasture not too far away from a city.
  • The land mass must be large enough (maybe 50 to 100 acres, depending on the number of goats you want to rear) for your goats to graze freely.
  • Make sure veterinary services can be easily accessed close to your farm.
  • There must be an adequate and efficient source of both clean and fresh water close to the farm.
  • There should be a market close to your farm for easy purchase of any farm tool and goat needs.
  • A good road network and transportation service must be available within a short distance from your goat farm.


2). Fence The environment:
Pasture Fence - Goat Farming In Nigeria

Construct a fence around the pasture to keep the goats inside. The fence should usually be a short perimeter fence coated with barbwires. This will ensure that the goats cannot just wander off without control. The fence can also ward off dangerous animals like wolves, foxes, and coyotes (one of the most common predator in the United states). You can also purchase guard dogs to ward off wild animals from preying on the goats.

If the goats are always fond of trying to break through the fence, electric fences could then be used. A shocking experience from this fence would keep almost all the goats away from it for good. Another strategy is to create “play areas” for the goats to mostly hang around. Since goats like climbing structures and more, creating a play zone will keep them preoccupied and far away from damaging farm products or structures.


3). Build Goat Barns:
Pasture Barn - Goat Farming In Nigeria

You have to build an adequate barn for the goats to stay in when it’s dark or when their graze time is over. Goats also need to stay under shelter when the weather is cold, rainy or generally unfavourable. When the weather is in a perfect condition, goats prefer to be outside grazing and climbing various objects.

It’s important that the barns built are segmented for various groups of goats. Since they like their privacy, the separation in the barn must be wide enough to accommodate each number of goats put into it. In the case of owning thousands of goats, multiple separate goat barns may be required.

Place guard dogs to protect each barn containing the goats from predators, and also know that goats love to chew on something, preferably grass, while they are at rest. So it’s important you put in some for them.


4). Acquire The Right Goat Breeds: 

Deciding on the right type of goat breeds to rear is highly dependent on what is available and is highly demanded in your country. While there are various types of goat breeds ranging from the Nigerian dwarf goats to nubian goats, lamancha goats, alpine goats, oberhasli goats, boer goats, and a lot more, picking the right goat breed to suit your needs is very important.

You can choose to either rear goats for dairy production, meat, fiber, and many other purposes. After making a decision, purchase healthy kids (baby goats) that are in good shape and have no signs of diseases. Make sure they undergo proper vaccination before they start grazing, to improve their chances of longevity.


5). Keep A Regular Appointment With The Veterinary Doctor:
Goat Veterinary Doctors - Goat Farming In Nigeria

Never skip an appointment with the veterinary doctor. Staying up to date with constant check-ups and vaccination from the doctor will increase the lifespan of your goats, thereby making their mortality rate very low.

If the required veterinary service you require for your goat farm is far away, make sure you stock enough vaccines and medications on your farm to cater for your goats.

See Also: How To Start A Lucrative Tomato Farming Business In Nigeria


A Short Feasibility Study On Goat Farming

Since an average goat weighs 100 pounds, and the cost of a pound is about $1.5, then an average goat could cost a minimum of $150. If your farm rears, grows, and sells 1,000 goats in a year, that would mean a minimum of $150,000 in revenue generated for the year. Separating the cost of acquiring and breeding the goats as production costs, you could be left with almost half the value of $150,000.

It’s important you know that it takes 2 to 3 years for an average goat to reach full maturity. So for your goat farming business to mature and start generating any real returns, you would have to wait a long while.

Selling 1,000 goats in a year is a big win for any small scale farmer. But with startup capital constraints, starting with a target of 500 sales by the 3rd year of full maturity is a good boost for any new farmer. At a very large scale, 10,000 or more goats could be sold in a year.


How To Sell Your Farm Goats

While there’re two articles written on how to market your farm products here, and also how to sell your farm products online here, selling your farm goats, goat milk, meat, and more, can be slightly different. It’s important to identify hotspots where they use goat meats a lot; like pepper soup joints, abattoirs, and more, to market your goats to them.

Claiming some of these prospects as customers, may cost you a little more, like lowering your prices and offering them better incentives and bonuses than other goat farmers would offer. When you make your customers feel great about partnering with you, they’ll never stop making you money.

See Also: Aquaculture: How To Start A Profitable Fish Farming Business Anywhere In Africa



While there are many other animal husbandry farming sectors like grasscutter farming, cattle rearing, and more, goat farming is highly lucrative, because of its high demand and attractive export value. As a goat farmer selling hundreds or even thousands of goats yearly, you could overtime build an agribusiness conglomerate starting with just these animals.


I Want To Start Or Learn Goat Farming Like A Professional. Is There A Book With A Comprehensive Step By Step Guide?

The goat farming sector is arguably one of the most profitable aspects of any agricultural practice. Their explosive worldwide demand makes any farmer who ventures into it on a large scale earn a substantial income.

In the light of the lucrative opportunities in the goat farming industry, The StartupTipsDaily Team has taken out time to prepare a robust goat farming eBook on how anyone can start and grow a successful goat farming business.

This eBook is perfect for beginners, as it will take you from a novice to a goat farming professional, and help you either make money by starting your own goat farming business, or by becoming a goat farming consultant.

You can follow the link below to learn more and purchase one for yourself.

How To Start A Goat Farming Business E-Book

Offer: A Professional Goat Farming Business E-Book

Book Author: The StartupTipsDaily Team

Book Format: E-Book

How To Get One: Click Here


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Over To You

What are your thoughts on goat farming as a lucrative agribusiness to venture into? Let me know by leaving a comment below.


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