How To Start Exporting Dry Hibiscus Flower From Nigeria To International Buyers

How To Start Zobo (Hibiscus Tea) Production In Nigeria Or Africa: The Complete Guide

Hibiscus tea, also called Zobo in Nigeria, is a highly nutritious beverage that is widely consumed by the different classes of people in Nigeria, Mexico, and many other parts of the world as a casual drink and also as a medicinal herb like in the treatment of hypertension.

The hibiscus tea (Zobo) is produced from dried calyces of Hibiscus sabdariffa, which is a tropical herb. Several natural spices and flavours such as garlic, ginger, and a mixture of fruits are also widely used in the production of tea to make the taste rich and satisfying.

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In Nigeria, the hibiscus tea is also called Isapa, Zobo and Aukan, respectively, and is consumed by people of all tribes in the country.

With its widespread consumption in many parts of the world, starting a hibiscus tea production business in Nigeria, Africa, or anywhere else around the world can be a profitable move to make.

Here’s how to start zobo (hibiscus tea) production in Nigeria:

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What Is Hibiscus Tea (Zobo)?

Hibiscus Tea (Zobo) is the name given to the tea extract of the edible plant Hibiscus sabdariffa. It is a popularly consumed beverage in countries like Nigeria, Mexico, and many other places worldwide and is often considered one of Nigeria’s local home-consumed juices which is usually served with meals.

See Also: How To Start The Lucrative Export Of Dry Hibiscus Flower From Nigeria To International Buyers

 

What Is Hibiscus Tea (Zobo) Drink Production?

This is the process involved in the extraction and processing of the hibiscus (zobo) juice by putting the hibiscus flower through various processes.

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Business Opportunities In Hibiscus Tea (Zobo) Production

1). Energy Drink: 

Hibiscus tea helps to increase energy levels, can also speed up the metabolic system and help in healthy, gradual weight loss.

2). Health Drink: 

The consumption of hibiscus tea (roselle or zobo) juice in different concentrations may help in the treatment and prevention of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and inflammatory problems as well. It helps cure liver diseases and reduces the risk of cancer. It is rich in vitamin C, minerals, antioxidants and helps in the treatment of hypertension and anxiety.

3). Juice Production:

Hibiscus tea (zobo) is widely made and consumed in Nigeria as a recreational drink.

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Facts And Benefits Of Hibiscus Tea (Zobo) Production

  • Hibiscus tea (zobo) helps lower cholesterol and in weight loss
  • Hibiscus tea (zobo) contains a high proportion of vitamin C, which helps in treating cough and fever
  • Hibiscus tea (zobo) contains antioxidants and about 25% of organic acids which aid in the prevention of cancer
  • Hibiscus tea (zobo) strengthens the immune system.
  • Hibiscus tea (zobo) is also known to treat loss of appetite, liver diseases, fever, high blood pressure.
  • More than 300 species of Hibiscus are grown over the world.
  • Consumption of hibiscus tea (zobo) can help calm the nervous system and it may create a relaxing sensation in the mind and body.
  • Hibiscus tea (zobo) contains vitamin B3 which helps in maintaining brain function and skin health 
  • Hibiscus tea (zobo) contains protein, iron, and calcium, which help grow healthy bones and teeth and also prevents bone-related diseases.
  • Hibiscus tea (zobo) supplies energy
  • Hibiscus tea (zobo) is quickly absorbed by the body
  • Hibiscus tea (zobo) helps in treating scurviness
  • Hibiscus tea (zobo) can be combined with almost any fruit in production

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Types Of Hibiscus Teas (Zobo)

The three kinds of Zobo are:

  • Dark red
  • Bright red
  • Wine.

The three are classified according to the appearance they bear when processed.

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How To Start A Hibiscus Tea (Zobo) Production Business In Nigeria: Step By Step Guide

1). Ingredients: 

The first step is purchasing the necessary ingredients which includes, dried hibiscus flower, ginger (or not), sugar, flavouring and water.

These are essential ingredients. Other subsequent components may consist of cut pineapple, slices of oranges and any different suitable fruit flavour.

2). Process For Zobo Production:

The dried hibiscus flower is then slightly washed with cold water (this process is optional) and then put into a pot of boiling water.

A cup of dried hibiscus flowers could approximately be equivalent to 3 litres of water.

The ginger is then properly diced and put into the mix.

The pot should be allowed to boil for at least 30 minutes to enable the hibiscus and ginger essence to diffuse into the water.

When the juice has reached the required boiling time, it is then taken off the oven and set aside to cool.

When the liquid has cooled to the desired temperature, the sugar, fruit juices (optional) and flavours (optional) can then be added to the desired taste.

3). Storage/Preservation: 

Originally, Hibiscus tea (zobo) can only last for a couple of days without getting bad or changing in taste, but specific techniques can enable it last longer.

Refrigeration helps preserve the Hibiscus tea (zobo), as it lasts longer in cold environments. Also, preparing it without the addition of flavours and fruits but only ginger is another means of preservation.

Another method of preservation is by adding chemical preservatives, but this could alter the Hibiscus tea (zobo) taste significantly.

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Challenges Of The Hibiscus Tea (Zobo) Production Business In Nigeria

Here are some challenges that can affect starting a hibiscus tea (zobo) production business in Nigeria, Africa, or many other places around the world:

  • Lack of government support
  • Lack of funding for large scale production
  • Lack of a highly favourable market
  • Lack of highly equipped storage facilities
  • Use of long-lasting preservatives is expensive
  • Lack of efficient production mechanisms
  • Not popularly known
  • Absence of a vast ready market
  • Poor funding of research activities
  • Bush burning
  • Lack of capital for large scale production
  • Lack of easy access to the international market
  • Instability of the international market price
  • Lack of adequate widespread knowledge on how to produce high-quality products
  • Lack of funds to import international standard processing machinery
  • Thieves and criminals

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To Sum It Up

The hibiscus tea (zobo) production business in Nigeria can be a lucrative and profitable venture to start-up, due to its vast market demand and on your own ability to build a wide supply chain network. If you’re looking for a business to venture into, the hibiscus tea (zobo) production business in Nigeria is a great option to explore.

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