How To Start Ram/Sheep Rearing In Nigeria Or Africa: Full Guide & BPlan

How To Start Ram/Sheep Rearing In Nigeria Or Africa: Full Guide & BPlan

The ram and sheep rearing business in Nigeria has grown quickly over the years, and in the process, has become a very promising and lucrative venture to startup in the country and in many other places around the world.

There are over 1 billion sheep in the world, with China holding more numbers than any other country, amounting to over 180 million. And even brazil exported a total of 1,850,000 metric tons of meat in 2016, making it the world’s largest exporter.

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Nigeria is home to different types of sheep breeds, which include Balami, Uda, West African dwarf sheep and Yankasa, thereby showing a widespread option for traders to deal in. The country has a population of over 22.1 million sheep and a growing local meat consumption market that has a high preference for sheep, goats, and cattle meats.

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What Are Rams & Sheep?

Ram and sheep are considered the same, but in the sense that rams are the male, wilder versions of sheep which are a domesticated form of ruminant animals that move in herds.

Sheep farming which is also known as sheep husbandry, is the raising and breeding of domestic sheep for their individual properties which include sheep wool, fibre, milk and meat.

 

What Is The Ram/Sheep Rearing Business About?

The rearing of ram and sheep as a business is the industrial and commercial purpose of rearing these animals, with the aim of generating profits.

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Business Opportunities Available In Ram/Sheep Rearing

1). Dairy production:

Among the many valuable properties of sheep is milk production, which can be processed into butter, cheese, yoghurt and other daily use products.

2). Wool/Fibre production:

The fleece of sheep is the source of wool, which is used for many industrial products. These include woven clothing, blankets, carpets, cushion and more.

Sheepskin is also used for outerwear, seat covers, and so on.

3). Meat:

One of the highest-quality meat is produced from lambs, young sheep under one year of age. Meat is one commodity always in demand.

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Facts And Benefits About Ram/Sheep

  • Sheep have a field of vision of around 300 degrees, allowing them to see behind themselves without having to turn their head.
  • Raising sheep is the oldest organized industry.
  • Lamb meat is an excellent source of vitamins and minerals. 
  • The life expectancy for sheep is between 6 to 11 years. 
  • One ram can mate with 30 to 35 ewes during a 60 day breeding season
  • The weight of an adult ram is between 150 to 450 lbs. 
  • Depending on the breed, the mature weight for female ewes range from 90 to 300 pounds
  • Sheep wool repels moisture; fibre sheds water
  • Sheep fibre retains its shape. Resilient fibres return to original size after washing.

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Types Of Ram/Sheep

1). The Merino:

This breed is a forager and very adaptable. The Merino is a breed cherished for its wool and as well considered as a dominant breed of sheep.

2). Alami: 

This is the largest sheep breed found in Nigeria. They are usually tall, huge, and all white with large droopy ears. They are located in the arid regions of Nigeria, such as Maiduguri.

3). The Lincoln Sheep:

This English breed is also known as Lincoln Longwool. It is best known for its exquisite and exceptional wool, and fleece. Both are highly used globally for designing and weaving.

4). Dorset Sheep:  

The dorser sheep is one of the two breeds of sheep that can breed all year round (the other one is the Poll Sheep). It has incredible milk-producing and meat providing ability. This breed of sheep is also known to produce delicious meat.

5). The Dorper Sheep: 

This is the product of cross-breeding of a Blackhead Persian ewe with a Dorset Horn ram. Dorpers have the reputation of fast weight-gain, high-quality carcass conformation, and fantastic fat distribution.

6). The Jacob Sheep:

This is an uncommon breed of small sheep with white-coloured spots and multi-horned. Though raised for their meat, wool, and hides they also are kept as pets and ornamental animals

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How To Start Ram/Sheep Rearing Business In Nigeria

1). Ram/Sheep Breed:

Choosing the right breed is the first step to starting a sheep farming business as you should not just focus on growing what you have a strong market base for, but to grow sheep that are genetically strong and have high-quality properties.

4). Medicals: 

The involvement of a veterinary doctor can help sustain proper ram/sheep health to aid full lamb growth.

5). Hired Labour:

For a smooth, more effortless unfolding of the business’s activities, it is necessary to have employees, that would aid faster completion of tasks and increased productivity.

6). Market:

There are high demands for sheep and sheep products, therefore starting a sheep rearing business, especially one near the market will be highly profitable. The business’s reach should also be considered to be able to count the cost, manage sales, transportation and all.

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Challenges Of Starting A Ram/Sheep Rearing Business In Nigeria

Here are some challenges that can affect starting ram/sheep rearing in Nigeria, Africa, or many other places around the world:

  • High capital requirement
  • Lack of adequate storage facilities
  • Lack of training in sheep/ram rearing business
  • Lack of government funding and incentives
  • Maintenance costs
  • Pests and diseases
  • Poor funding of research activities
  • Bush burning
  • Lack of highly efficient storage facilities
  • Lack of capital for large scale production
  • Lack of easy access to the international market
  • Instability of the international market price
  • Lack of adequate widespread knowledge on how to produce high-quality products
  • Thieves and criminals

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Summary

Profitability in the ram/sheep rearing business can be challenging, but with productive sheep and close control of expenses, achieving high-profits is possible.

Sheep produce income from the sale of meat, wool and milk and these are products used daily, thereby making a lucrative option for agricultural business investors.

The ram/sheep rearing business in Nigeria can be a lucrative and profitable venture, due to its vast market demands and on your own ability to build a wide supply chain network. If you’re looking for a business to venture into, the ram/sheep rearing business in Nigeria is another option to explore.

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