How To Start A Lucrative Cassava Farming Business In Nigeria And Africa: The Complete Guide

Cassava farming is one of the major agricultural practices in Nigeria, as the crop is a staple food for millions of people in the country. Cassava is a tropical crop that is well-suited to the climate and soil conditions in Nigeria, and it is grown in all parts of the country. Nigeria is one of the largest cassava producers in the world, with an estimated production of over 54 million metric tons in 2020.

The importance of cassava farming in Nigeria cannot be overemphasized, as the crop is not only a major source of food but also a source of income for millions of farmers and other stakeholders along the value chain. Cassava is a versatile crop that can be processed into various products such as garri, fufu, starch, flour, and animal feed, among others. The crop is also a major source of raw material for the production of ethanol and other industrial products.

In recent years, the Nigerian government has made efforts to promote cassava farming as a means of diversifying the economy and reducing the country’s dependence on oil. The government has also initiated policies and programs aimed at increasing cassava production and improving the quality of the crop. Additionally, the poultry industry in Nigeria has provided a market for cassava products such as cassava peel meal and cassava chips, which are used as feed for poultry.

Despite the numerous benefits of cassava farming in Nigeria, the sector is faced with several challenges, including inadequate funding, low yields, and lack of access to modern farming technologies. However, with the right support from the government and other stakeholders, cassava farming in Nigeria has the potential to contribute significantly to the country’s economy and improve the livelihoods of millions of people.

If you’re looking for an agricultural business that would ensure you always almost sell out all your harvests, cassava farming is one great farming business to start.

See Also: How To Start A Lucrative Poultry Farming Business In Nigeria: The Complete Guide


What Is Cassava?

Cassava, scientifically known as Manihot esculenta, is a starchy root vegetable that is widely grown and consumed in Nigeria and Africa. It is an important staple crop that is used in many traditional dishes and also serves as a source of income for many small-scale farmers.


What Is Cassava Farming In Nigeria and Africa About?

Cassava farming is the cultivation of cassava plants for food, feed, and industrial uses. Cassava is an important crop in Nigeria and many other countries in the tropical regions of the world. It is a starchy root vegetable that is rich in carbohydrates and a good source of dietary fiber, minerals, and vitamins. Cassava farming has become a major agricultural enterprise in Nigeria due to the numerous benefits and business opportunities it offers. The crop is used for various purposes such as food, animal feed, alcohol production, starch production, and biofuel production. Cassava farming is an important source of livelihood for millions of farmers in Nigeria, and it has the potential to contribute significantly to the country’s economic growth and development.


Benefits of Cassava Farming In Nigeria and Africa

Cassava farming is an important economic activity in Nigeria and across Africa, providing a range of benefits to farmers, consumers, and the wider economy. Here are 10 benefits of cassava farming in Nigeria and Africa:

  1. Food security: Cassava is a staple food crop in many African countries and is a reliable source of food for millions of people.
  2. Income generation: Cassava farming is an important source of income for smallholder farmers, providing employment and income opportunities for rural communities.
  3. Drought resistance: Cassava is drought-resistant and can grow in marginal environments, making it an important crop for food security in regions with unpredictable rainfall.
  4. Soil fertility: Cassava farming can improve soil fertility, as the crop has a deep root system that can break up compacted soils and increase soil organic matter.
  5. Climate resilience: Cassava is an important crop for climate resilience, as it can tolerate a wide range of temperatures and is resistant to pests and diseases.
  6. Nutritional value: Cassava is a rich source of carbohydrates, vitamins, and minerals, and is an important food source for vulnerable populations.
  7. Industrial applications: Cassava can be processed into a range of industrial products, including starch, ethanol, and animal feed, providing additional income streams for farmers.
  8. Export opportunities: Cassava products are in high demand in international markets, providing export opportunities for farmers and processors.
  9. Gender empowerment: Cassava farming can provide opportunities for women and girls to participate in agriculture and generate income.
  10. Reduced poverty: Cassava farming can help reduce poverty and improve livelihoods, particularly in rural communities where other economic opportunities may be limited.

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Health Benefits of Cassava

Cassava is a starchy root vegetable that is widely cultivated and consumed in Nigeria and Africa. Here are 15 health benefits of cassava:

  1. Good source of energy: Cassava is a rich source of carbohydrates, which makes it an excellent source of energy for the body.
  2. Helps in digestion: Cassava is rich in dietary fiber, which helps in promoting healthy digestion and prevents constipation.
  3. Lowers cholesterol levels: Cassava contains compounds that help in reducing bad cholesterol levels in the body, thus reducing the risk of heart disease.
  4. Good for the immune system: Cassava is rich in vitamin C, which helps in boosting the immune system and protecting the body against infections.
  5. Improves brain function: Cassava contains vitamin B6, which helps in improving brain function and reducing the risk of cognitive decline.
  6. Rich in minerals: Cassava is rich in minerals like calcium, magnesium, and potassium, which are essential for maintaining healthy bones, muscles, and nerve function.
  7. Helps in weight management: Cassava is low in calories and fat, making it an excellent food for those trying to manage their weight.
  8. Reduces inflammation: Cassava contains compounds that have anti-inflammatory properties, which help in reducing inflammation in the body.
  9. Good for the skin: Cassava is rich in vitamin C, which helps in promoting healthy skin and reducing the risk of skin damage.
  10. Helps in treating diarrhea: Cassava contains compounds that have anti-diarrheal properties, making it an effective treatment for diarrhea.
  11. Rich in antioxidants: Cassava is rich in antioxidants, which help in reducing oxidative stress and preventing cell damage.
  12. Promotes healthy blood circulation: Cassava contains compounds that help in improving blood circulation, which is essential for maintaining good health.
  13. Good for the eyes: Cassava is rich in vitamin A, which helps in promoting healthy eyes and reducing the risk of eye diseases.
  14. Good for the heart: Cassava contains compounds that help in reducing the risk of heart disease by lowering blood pressure and improving blood flow.
  15. Helps in treating arthritis: Cassava contains compounds that have anti-inflammatory properties, making it an effective treatment for arthritis.

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Business Opportunities In Cassava Farming In Nigeria and Africa

Sure, here are 10 business opportunities of cassava farming in Nigeria and Africa:

  1. Cassava Processing: There is a high demand for processed cassava products such as flour, starch, and chips, which are used in various industries, including food, textile, and paper. This presents a significant opportunity for cassava farmers to venture into cassava processing.
  2. Animal Feed Production: Cassava is an important ingredient in animal feed production, particularly for poultry, pigs, and fish. Cassava farmers can earn additional income by selling cassava peels and other by-products to animal feed manufacturers.
  3. Biofuel Production: Cassava is a rich source of starch, which can be converted into biofuel. This presents a significant business opportunity for cassava farmers to supply raw materials to biofuel producers.
  4. Ethanol Production: The demand for ethanol as a fuel additive is increasing, and cassava is a viable source of ethanol production. Cassava farmers can supply ethanol producers with the raw material.
  5. Textile Production: Cassava fibers can be processed into textiles, presenting an opportunity for cassava farmers to enter the textile industry.
  6. Cassava Flour Production: Cassava flour is an alternative to wheat flour and is used in various food products. Cassava farmers can process their cassava tubers into flour for sale.
  7. Alcohol Production: Cassava can be fermented to produce alcoholic beverages such as beer and wine. Cassava farmers can venture into alcohol production as a value-added business.
  8. Medicine Production: Cassava has medicinal properties and is used in the production of various drugs. Cassava farmers can supply cassava roots to pharmaceutical companies.
  9. Cassava Chips Production: Cassava chips are a popular snack and can be processed and packaged for sale. Cassava farmers can add value to their cassava harvest by producing and selling chips.
  10. Export: The demand for cassava products is high in other African countries and beyond, presenting a great opportunity for cassava farmers to export their products and earn foreign exchange.

These are just a few examples of the business opportunities available in cassava farming in Nigeria and Africa. With the right resources and expertise, cassava farming can be a profitable business venture.

See Also: How To Start A Profitable Fish Farming Business In Nigeria


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Facts About Cassava Farming In Nigeria and Africa

here are 20 facts about cassava farming in Nigeria and Africa:

  1. Cassava is one of the most important food crops in Nigeria and Africa, providing food and income for millions of people.
  2. Nigeria is the world’s largest producer of cassava, accounting for about 20% of global production.
  3. Cassava is a drought-tolerant crop that can grow in a wide range of soils and climatic conditions, making it an important crop for smallholder farmers in Africa.
  4. Cassava can be processed into a variety of products, including flour, starch, and ethanol.
  5. Cassava is a rich source of carbohydrates, fiber, and essential vitamins and minerals, making it an important part of a balanced diet.
  6. Cassava is also an important feed crop for livestock, particularly for poultry and pigs.
  7. Cassava farming is an important source of income for smallholder farmers, particularly women, who make up a significant portion of cassava farmers in Africa.
  8. The processing and marketing of cassava products also provides employment opportunities for people along the value chain.
  9. The cassava value chain in Nigeria and Africa is often characterized by low productivity and limited access to markets, posing challenges for smallholder farmers.
  10. There are ongoing efforts to improve the productivity and profitability of cassava farming in Africa through research and development of new varieties and technologies.
  11. Cassava farming has a low environmental impact, as it requires less water and fertilizer than other crops and can help to improve soil quality.
  12. The leaves of the cassava plant are also edible and can be used to make nutritious vegetable dishes.
  13. Cassava is an important food security crop, particularly during times of drought and other climate shocks.
  14. In addition to food and income, cassava farming can also provide social benefits, such as community building and cultural preservation.
  15. The global market for cassava products is growing, particularly for ethanol, which is used as a biofuel.
  16. Cassava is a versatile crop that can be grown in a variety of systems, including intercropping and agroforestry.
  17. The use of improved cassava varieties and good agricultural practices can help to increase yields and improve the quality of cassava products.
  18. Cassava farming can contribute to sustainable development in Africa, particularly through its potential to support smallholder livelihoods and food security.
  19. Cassava is also an important crop for nutrition-sensitive agriculture, as it can help to address malnutrition and other health challenges.
  20. There are ongoing efforts to promote the development of cassava value chains in Africa, including through policy and investment support.

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Types Of Cassava Farming In Nigeria and Africa

Cassava farming in Nigeria and Africa can be broadly classified into two types: subsistence and commercial farming.

Subsistence cassava farming is practiced by small-scale farmers who cultivate cassava mainly for household consumption or for sale at the local markets. The farms are generally small in size, with low input and output, and mostly rain-fed. Farmers use traditional and manual methods for planting, harvesting and processing cassava.

Commercial cassava farming, on the other hand, involves large-scale cultivation of cassava for sale to the industrial market. The farms are often mechanized, with high input and output. Commercial cassava farming also involves the use of improved and hybrid cassava varieties, as well as modern agricultural practices such as irrigation, fertilizer application, and pest and disease management. The crops are sold to processing companies for the production of various products such as garri, flour, starch, and animal feed.

Apart from these two types, there are also other forms of cassava farming such as intercropping, where cassava is grown alongside other crops, and organic cassava farming, where no synthetic chemicals are used in the cultivation process.


Types Of Cassavas In Nigeria and Africa

There are various types of cassava grown in Nigeria and Africa. Some of the common types of cassava include:

  1. TMS 30572: This is a high-yielding cassava variety that is resistant to pests and diseases. It is mostly grown in Nigeria and other West African countries.
  2. TME 419: This variety is known for its high yield, good taste, and fast maturity. It is mostly grown in Nigeria, Uganda, and other East African countries.
  3. TMS 98/0581: This is a variety of cassava that is resistant to pests and diseases. It is mostly grown in Nigeria and other West African countries.
  4. TMS 98/0505: This is a variety of cassava that is high-yielding and has good nutritional value. It is mostly grown in Nigeria and other West African countries.
  5. TMS 4(2) 1425: This is a variety of cassava that is resistant to pests and diseases. It is mostly grown in Nigeria and other West African countries.
  6. TMS 30555: This is a variety of cassava that is high-yielding and has good nutritional value. It is mostly grown in Nigeria and other West African countries.
  7. TMS 92/0326: This is a variety of cassava that is resistant to pests and diseases. It is mostly grown in Nigeria and other West African countries.
  8. TMS 92/0057: This is a variety of cassava that is high-yielding and has good nutritional value. It is mostly grown in Nigeria and other West African countries.
  9. TMS 96/1414: This is a variety of cassava that is resistant to pests and diseases. It is mostly grown in Nigeria and other West African countries.
  10. TMS 92/0067: This is a variety of cassava that is high-yielding and has good nutritional value. It is mostly grown in Nigeria and other West African countries.

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The Planting & Harvesting Seasons For Cassava In Nigeria and Africa

The planting and harvest seasons for cassava in Nigeria and Africa vary depending on the region and climate. Generally, cassava is planted in Nigeria and Africa in the rainy season, which typically starts in March and ends in October. The best planting time for cassava is in the early rainy season when the soil is moist enough to support germination and growth.

The harvest season for cassava usually starts six to twelve months after planting, depending on the variety and climate. In Nigeria and Africa, cassava is typically harvested from October to December, during the dry season, when the tubers are fully matured and ready for processing. Cassava can be harvested by hand or using machines such as harvesters and diggers. After harvest, the cassava roots are processed into various products such as garri, fufu, and starch.


How To Start Cassava Farming In Nigeria: Step-By-Step Guide

here’s a guide on how to start cassava farming in Nigeria and Africa:

  1. Conduct research and feasibility study: Before venturing into cassava farming, it is important to research and study the crop to understand its demands, market value, and potential profit margins. Identify the best planting season and varieties suitable for the soil type in your area.
  2. Acquire a farmland: Once you have conducted your research, secure a farmland suitable for cassava farming. The soil must be well-drained and not waterlogged.
  3. Prepare the land: Clear the land and make ridges or mounds for planting. You can use machines or employ manual labor.
  4. Get quality cassava stems: Buy high-quality stems from reliable sources. Avoid stems that have been affected by pests or diseases.
  5. Planting: Cut the stems into pieces and plant them in the ridges, ensuring they are not too deep in the soil. Plant during the rainy season and ensure the soil is moist.
  6. Maintain the farm: Weed the farm regularly and apply fertilizer as required. Also, ensure the farm is well-drained and watered when necessary.
  7. Harvesting: Harvest cassava between 8-12 months of planting. Ensure you harvest only mature cassava as immature ones may not have reached their potential yield.
  8. Processing: After harvesting, you can process the cassava into various products such as garri, fufu, tapioca, starch, and flour.
  9. Marketing: Market your cassava products to various buyers, including local markets, processing companies, and exporters.
  10. Continuously improve: Continuously look for ways to improve the farm’s productivity and profitability. Attend seminars and workshops on modern farming techniques and technologies.

By following these steps, you can start a successful cassava farming business in Nigeria and Africa.

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How To Process & Package Cassava In Nigeria or Africa

The following are the step-by-step guide on how to process and package cassava in Nigeria and Africa:

  1. Harvesting: Cassava is ready for harvest 9-12 months after planting, depending on the variety. To harvest, the farmer uses a machete or hoe to cut the stem of the cassava plant, leaving the tubers in the ground.
  2. Washing and peeling: After harvesting, the cassava tubers are washed to remove dirt and other impurities. The tubers are then peeled with a sharp knife or cassava peeling machine to remove the outer brown layer.
  3. Grating: The peeled cassava is grated with a grater or a cassava processing machine. This process is important to break down the cassava into smaller pieces for easier processing.
  4. Pressing: The grated cassava is placed in a hydraulic press or a manual press to remove excess water. This process is important to reduce the water content in the cassava, making it easier to process and package.
  5. Drying: The pressed cassava is spread on a flat surface to dry under the sun or in a drying machine. This process helps to reduce the moisture content of the cassava, making it suitable for processing into different products.
  6. Milling: The dried cassava is milled into flour using a milling machine. The flour can be used to make different cassava-based products like garri, fufu, and tapioca.
  7. Packaging: The cassava flour is packaged in airtight bags or containers to preserve its freshness and prevent contamination.
  8. Storage and distribution: The packaged cassava flour is stored in a cool and dry place to prevent spoilage. The cassava flour can be distributed to different markets and sold to consumers.

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Types Of Equipment & Tools Used In The Cassava Farming Business In Nigeria or Africa

  1. Cassava peeling machine: This machine is used to remove the outer brown skin of the cassava before further processing. It is designed to save time and labor while improving the quality of the finished product.
  2. Cassava washing machine: This machine is used to wash and clean the peeled cassava before further processing. It helps to remove dirt, sand, and other impurities from the cassava.
  3. Cassava grating machine: This machine is used to grate the cassava into smaller pieces or mash. It can also be used for the production of garri, fufu, and other cassava-based products.
  4. Cassava dewatering machine: This machine is used to remove excess water from the grated cassava. It is a crucial step in the production of cassava flour and starch.
  5. Cassava flour milling machine: This machine is used to mill the dried cassava chips into flour. It can also be used for the production of garri.
  6. Cassava starch extraction machine: This machine is used to extract starch from the cassava pulp. It involves a process of washing, crushing, and sieving the cassava pulp to separate the starch from the fibers.
  7. Cassava flour sifting machine: This machine is used to sieve the cassava flour to remove lumps and impurities.
  8. Cassava packing machine: This machine is used to package the finished cassava flour or other cassava-based products. It can be manual or automatic, depending on the scale of production.

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Target Market For The Cassava Farming Business In Nigeria or Africa

  1. Food Industry: Cassava products such as garri, fufu, and tapioca are staple foods in many parts of Nigeria and Africa. These products have a ready market in urban and rural areas, where they are consumed as a substitute for rice, yam, and other starchy foods. Cassava flour and starch are also used as ingredients in the production of various food products, such as bread, biscuits, and noodles.
  2. Livestock Feed Industry: Cassava leaves and peels are a good source of animal feed, especially for pigs and poultry. Cassava meal, a by-product of cassava processing, is also used as a feed ingredient for livestock. The demand for cassava-based animal feed is expected to increase as the livestock industry in Nigeria and Africa continues to grow.
  3. Industrial Applications: Cassava starch is used in various industrial applications, such as paper, textile, and pharmaceutical industries. The demand for cassava starch is expected to grow as these industries expand in Nigeria and Africa.
  4. Export Market: Cassava products such as garri, fufu, and tapioca have a significant demand in the international market, especially in the Caribbean, South America, and Asia. Nigeria is one of the leading exporters of cassava products in the world, and there is a growing opportunity for other African countries to tap into this market.

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How To Sell or Market Cassava Products In Nigeria or Africa

Here are 10 ways to sell or market cassava products in Nigeria and Africa:

  1. Local markets: Sell your cassava products, such as garri, fufu, and tapioca, at local markets in your area. This is an effective way to reach your target customers who prefer fresh, locally produced food.
  2. Online marketplaces: You can also sell your cassava products on online marketplaces like Jumia, Konga, and Amazon. This allows you to reach customers beyond your local area and grow your customer base.
  3. Supermarkets and grocery stores: Partner with supermarkets and grocery stores to stock your cassava products on their shelves. This will give your products more visibility and make them accessible to a wider range of customers.
  4. Export: Exporting cassava products is a lucrative business opportunity, particularly to countries like China and Europe, where there is high demand for cassava products. You can sell your cassava products through export companies or directly to international buyers.
  5. Food processing companies: Partner with food processing companies that use cassava as an ingredient in their products. This can provide a steady market for your cassava and ensure that your products are used in higher-value products.
  6. Direct to consumer delivery: Offer direct to consumer delivery of your cassava products. Customers can place orders on your website or social media pages, and you can deliver the products to their doorstep.
  7. Restaurants and food vendors: Partner with restaurants and food vendors to supply them with your cassava products. This can provide a steady market and increase the visibility of your products.
  8. Catering services: Partner with catering services to supply them with your cassava products for events and parties. This can provide a consistent stream of revenue for your business.
  9. Cooperative societies: Join cooperative societies to access a wider market for your cassava products. These societies can provide a platform for networking, learning, and marketing your products to a wider audience.
  10. Advertise on social media: Use social media platforms like Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram to advertise your cassava products. Social media is a powerful tool for reaching a wider audience and generating leads for your business.


Challenges Of Cassava Farming In Nigeria and Africa

Cassava farming in Nigeria and Africa is an important agricultural activity that provides income and sustenance for many smallholder farmers. However, like any other agricultural enterprise, cassava farming comes with its own set of challenges. Here are 15 challenges that cassava farmers in Nigeria and Africa may face:

  1. Pest and disease management: Cassava is susceptible to pests and diseases, which can significantly reduce yields.
  2. Lack of access to quality seeds: Quality seeds are crucial for a successful cassava farm, but many farmers may not have access to them.
  3. Climate change: Changes in rainfall patterns, temperature, and extreme weather events can negatively impact cassava production.
  4. Limited access to credit: Many smallholder farmers may not have access to credit to purchase inputs or invest in their farms.
  5. Poor soil quality: Cassava requires well-draining, fertile soil to grow properly, but many farmers may not have access to such soils.
  6. High labor costs: Cassava farming requires significant labor input, which can be costly for farmers.
  7. Limited access to markets: Cassava farmers may face difficulty accessing markets to sell their products.
  8. High transportation costs: The cost of transporting cassava products to markets can be prohibitive for smallholder farmers.
  9. Lack of processing facilities: Many smallholder farmers may not have access to processing facilities to add value to their cassava products.
  10. Limited knowledge and technical know-how: Many smallholder farmers may not have the technical know-how required for successful cassava farming.
  11. Inadequate storage facilities: Cassava roots can deteriorate quickly if not stored properly, but many farmers may not have access to adequate storage facilities.
  12. Poor road infrastructure: Poor road infrastructure can make it difficult for farmers to transport their products to markets.
  13. Competition with other crops: Farmers may face competition with other crops for land, resources, and market access.
  14. Land tenure issues: Land tenure issues can make it difficult for farmers to secure land for cassava farming.
  15. Inadequate government support: Government policies and support for cassava farming may be insufficient, limiting the potential for the sector to grow and develop.

Overall, while cassava farming in Nigeria and Africa has significant potential, there are many challenges that farmers may face. Addressing these challenges requires a multifaceted approach that includes improving access to inputs and credit, enhancing technical know-how, improving infrastructure, and increasing government support for the sector.

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To Sum It Up

In conclusion, cassava farming presents a significant opportunity for farmers and entrepreneurs in Nigeria and Africa as a whole. With the numerous benefits, business opportunities, and market demand, cassava farming can be a profitable venture.

The versatility of cassava, as both a food and industrial crop, makes it a valuable asset that can contribute to food security and economic development in the region. However, the challenges, such as disease and pests, lack of access to finance and market, and low mechanization, need to be addressed to achieve the full potential of cassava farming.

With the right resources, knowledge, and skills, anyone can start cassava farming, from small-scale subsistence farmers to large-scale commercial farms. It is essential to follow the best practices for planting, harvesting, processing, and marketing to maximize yields and profits.

Overall, cassava farming in Nigeria and Africa holds tremendous potential to contribute to the growth and development of the agriculture sector, increase income for farmers and entrepreneurs, and improve food security and nutrition in the region.


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What are your thoughts on how to start cassava farming in Nigeria, Africa, or any other part of the world? Let me know by leaving a comment below.


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Stan Edom
Stan Edom
I'm an entrepreneur with expertise in supply chain management, international trade, small business development, e-commerce, internet startups, renewable energy, and agriculture. I'm also a network engineer, I.T security expert, and computer programmer. In my spare time when I'm not working out at the gym, I try to solve problems people face in their everyday lives with whatever means necessary.

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  1. Hi
    Thanks for sharing your knowledge,it’s very informative and helpful.
    I wanted to know if the figures and data are recent inorder for me to complete my cassava business plan.
    I want to own my own cassava processing plant but in a small scare, do you know how much this will cost me?

    • Hi Charles,

      The figures will differ based on your region and inflation.

      You should make price enquiries in your location to be fully certain that your costing is well written for your business plan.

      Thank you for asking.

  2. Hi Stan,

    I found your topic informative and make me want to learn this business.
    i want to venture into cassava business be it processing or cultivation from the the beginning but I dont have any experience whatsoever on it which now bring me to my real questions;

    1 . How can one source for Cassava
    2 . What to budget for buying
    3 . How to do the processing
    4 . What to produce
    5 . How to Market the product
    6 . Are there any organization to join when venturing into this

    Please kindly enlighten us on these highlighted questions and also add your own if I have missed out anything .

    Best Regards

    • Hi Adeniyi,

      A cassava farming e-book would soon be available on the blog.

      Do lookout for it.

      Thank you for asking.

    • When the eBook is available, everyone that reads this article would know about it.

      Do lookout for it.

      Thank you for asking.

  3. I by name zubairu Mohammed I want to for cassava business an I have a land but I don’t have the farmashal sapot

  4. I have 2 acres of land rented and I want to plant on it. What kind of crops can I plant now?
    Is it advisable to plant cassava now?

    • Hi Mabel,

      Any crop is right if you have a large ready market for it.

      First try to get buyers. If they bulge both in large numbers and desperacy, you can know the right crop you should venture into.

      Thank you for asking.

  5. Fermentation Tank: NGN 220,000
    Hydraulic Press: NGN 280,000
    Hammer Mill: NGN 700,000
    The above is for wat… wat end product of cassava will it give?

    • Hi Ben,

      A cassava farming book answering all your questions would soon be available on the blog.

      For now, you can do a google search on each to understand them.

      Thank you for asking.

  6. good morning sir, pls how can i get your phone no. i need to talk to you on a farm proposal i need. thanks

  7. Hello Stan please I’d like to know if you have a personal experience in cassava farming and if yes where do you have your farm, what is your hectrage like, and what variety of cassava did you plant? Joseph Odama from the international institute of tropical agriculture (IITA) Ibadan. Telephone+2348060181862. Thanks.

  8. Hello Mr. Stan, I have about 20 hectares of land and I wish to cultivate cassava in it. Please i need help and assistance. How many tonnes of cassava can be harvested in a hectare on land and how much is a tonne?

    • Hi Nkem,

      Roughly about 25 to 30 tonnes of cassava can be cultivated on one hectare of land.

      Thank you for asking.

      • Thank you for your response. Pls how much is a tonne of cassava in the market? Can you please inbox me your contact number for your one n one assistance.

        • Hi Nkem,

          It depends.

          A Metric Tonne of cassava chips is 25,000 Naira.

          A Metric Tonne of cassava flour is 135,000 Naira.

          A Metric Tonne of cassava starch is 648,000 Naira.

          These prices would have changed because of the inflation.

          But you get the idea.

          • Thank you very much. Please if it’s okay with you, can you be my consultant regarding this venture. Just let me know your mind, thank you.

          • wow! these prices are good.
            please i would love to know which market these sale prices are quoted from. Nigerian market? or European or American market.
            God bless you for these info

            Thank you

      • U are Gof sent especially for people like me I really appreciate the good work more grease to ur elbow.pls can u help with an example of well articulated business plan/proposal for a Grant I am applying for

  9. Thank you for sharing, I find it very handy especially at this time that I am thinking of venturing into the Agribusiness world

  10. pls, i need to know how buy cassava tuber from farmers in nigeria because i want to venture into agriculture
    tell me the details
    the address, email, the price and any other information i need to know
    thanks.God bless u

    • Hi Obuzor,

      To get the real time costs, I’d advice you visit a market or several cassava farms.

      The variations in their prices will give you the best idea.

      Do leave a comment on your findings.

      Thank you for asking.

  11. Hello Mr Stan, please what is a tonne I don’t understand also I have four plot of land 400 by 400 please what quantity of cassava someone can get from it . Thanks Olukayode David

    • Hi David,

      The answer is quite tardy because, it depends on how many can be grown all year round.

      I’d advise you visit an existing cassava farm to get a comprehensive answer on that.

      But pending then, anyone who runs an active cassava farm could leave the answer as a comment.

      Then again, thank you for asking.

      • This is a wonderful lesson sir. Plz sir during saling how can I sale the product so that I can get my profi or i my saling the cassava direct from the farm or i will have to process it before? Thank you.

    • Hi Okechukwu,

      We’d have to do a more updated market research to cover that.

      We’re also working on a cassava farming eBook that will cover that.

      Do lookout for it.

      Thank you for asking.

  12. Thank you for the information because information is power.i would like to ask you sir, i like to venture into agric. business but am little bit confused whether to go into pigry or cassava? your advice

    • Hi John,

      Only venture into what you have a sound knowledge of and have seen another succeed at.

      This should guide you to make a great decision.

      Thank you for asking.

    • Hi Oby,

      The eBook is in the works.

      When it’s done, I’ll do well to let everyone know.

      Thank you for asking.

  13. This write up is xtremely informative and poverty alleviating indeed.Recent market survey tells about the skyrocketing price of the white yam flour popularly call (Elubo Lafun). Well done keep it up @ more grease to ur elbow.Riches lies in filthiness @ only the sensitive @ wise can discover it.Let’s go back to our known african profession

  14. This write up is highly educative and informative I really appreciate the effort of the write
    May God Almighty continue to be with u
    My question is that can u assist to give a rough estimate on the cost of farming cassava on 10acres of land. thanks for your anticipated response.

    • Hi Adenusi,

      Thank you for the kind words.

      Concerning your question:

      It depends on if the farmland has been cleared for cultivation or not.

      If trees are present and you’re currently purchasing the cassava stem cuttings, engaging labour, carrying out irrigation, clearing the land, and more, you could spend about 500,000 Naira ($1063).

      If trees are absent, you could spend about 300,000 Naira ($638).

      Thank you for asking.

    • 10acres, for clearing the land by tractor budget around 605,000,for bedding, it’s around 80,000, for buying the cassava stem 50,000 and some other additional cost, I just started my own 10acre

  15. Hello Stanley. Weldone for the good work. Pls, I am interested in the cassava farming. I met a professional farmer who told me that to get 1acre of land, clearing and cultivating on lease is #60k and havesting is #150k i.e during havesting time 1acre of land of cassava can only give #150k but I was wondering how can I acre of land give 150k where 1 pickup motor is #120k in ogun state. Pls. How much can I make in one acre of cassava land. Thx.

    • Hi Toyin,

      The reality is the fertility of the soil will determine what value of cassava you’d harvest and the cost of clearing and harvesting is dependent on your negotiating power.

      Also, generating 150,000 Naira ($500) for an acre now (2016/2017) is a far cry. It is most likely 100,000 Naira worth of cassava max, except if the land is very fertile, and so, can produce larger and better cassava yields.

      This is one reason people buy acres of land to cultivate cassava crops.

      Thank you for asking.

  16. hello Mr Stan pls are u saying #60,000 can cultivate 1acre of cassava farmland with due considerations to cost of herbicides, pesticides and fertilizer and other farm inputs. my second question is that I was told by a consultant that from a very good fertile land we should be able to get 25-30 tonnes pls is it true with respect to your answer above (#100,000) that you said is realistic

      • Bankole meant to say that the consultant said 25-30 tonnes of cassava can be obtained from 1acre of land. But you earlier said that, that is attainable on 1 hectare land.

        Could you please give some clarity. I am extremely glad to find myself here. Good bless you Stan

        • Hi Alex,

          The factors surrounding the crop’s growth determines what is possible and what is not.

          Thank you for asking.

  17. I sincerely appreciate your effort Stan …more grease to your elbow… please kindly inform me when the ebook on cassava processing is available

    thank u

    • Thank you for the kind words Taofik.

      I’ll do well to let everyone know once the eBook is available.

      Thank you for asking.

    • Thank you for the commendation Tobias.

      When the eBook is available, I’ll do well to let everyone know.

      Thank you for asking.

  18. Without a bankable biz proposal,collateral and connection,can there be any loan from the said bank?Is there any loan,at all? Great job u’re doing here!Waitn 4 d e-book!

    • Hi Korede,

      The truth is, it’s better you go through a business plan competition like AYEEN. They shortlist business plans and help facilitate funding for them through the Bank of Industry (BOI). Last year, they helped about 500 businesses.

      The eBook is currently in the works. When it’s available, I’ll do well to let everyone know.

      Thank you for asking.

  19. pls help me out, some one said to buy cassava stem for an acre will cost like 60k, pls aw true is that? and how many heaps can be made for cassava cultivation on an acre ? pls how much averagely (profit) can be gotten from an acre?

    • Hi Adeola,

      The profit from an acre is largely dependent on your cost of labour and your cassava yield. The yield is determined by the fertility level of the land and if you’re using high yield cassava stem cuttings or not. The truth is after 12 months, you may not make up to 100,000 Naira in profits if you’re not using high yield cassava stem cuttings. The larger the scale at which you execute your cassava farm, the more profitable you can be.

      Also, you can’t completely determine how many stem cuttings will work for an acre because the farmland measurements are different per state. The best way to know for sure in your own state is to buy and plant.

      Concerning heaps per acre, the tubers don’t grow in proportion to each other. some are usually far bigger than others, resulting in different numbers on every harvest.

      Thank you for asking.

  20. Great information on agriculture poroject. My question is how many strands of cassava plant will an Acre of land contain.

  21. Great work and thanks for sharing. I have just acquired 65 acres of land and prefer to plant cassava, maize and soya beans mainly. The farm is in Ido local government of Oyo State. Please where can we source high quality seeds and cassava cuttings we need. Also what is the quantity we need for the space.

    • Hi Kunle,

      You can get seeds from some locations in Ogun State.

      Also, we’re starting up an affordable agric supply chain service for small businesses soon.

      It will be available sometime in May or early July.

      We’ll do well to announce once it is.

      Thank you for asking.

    • Hello kunle, am currently within ido local government and privileged to have an access to land for farming right now, however I believe I can help or assist on reputable places of where to get high quality cassava stem cuttings and maize seeds as well, the maize seeds have planted has been good from the result am seeing even by planting 1 seed, 2 seeds, 3 seeds and 4 seeds per hole, have seen a 98% germination rate so far. As for the cassava stems, it depends on the specie you want which is also dependent on the market you are targeting. if you have further questions you can let me know and you can also contact me for more information Through my email [email protected]

      • Thank you Oluwafemi, Sorry, I have been out of town for some time but will contact you shortly.

        Kunle Owoseje

    • Hi Benjamin,

      When the eBook is available, we’ll do well to let everyone know.

      Thank you for asking.

    • Hi Micheal,

      The growth of every kind of farm product is highly dependent on the soil type and atmospheric conditions.

      Thank you for asking.

  22. Hi, I have always desired to go into Agriculture however, I am still comtemplating on the particular product to cultivate, the quantity of land to purchase, the cost implication and the location for the farm. I need a guide for the different options of crops with the inherent pros and cons to enable me make a good choice. I will very much love to chat and talk with you on this if you will be available.

  23. Hi Stan,
    Great job you’ve done with this write up. May God enrich your life and enlarge your coast as you have done for several people with this info.

  24. Tanks so much Stan.I’ve learnt alot from this post. I just need a little clarification,u said 25-30tonnes can be gotten 4rm an hectare of land and each tonne cost about 25,000naira. If that is the case how come u said ones profit in an hectare of land may not be up to 100,000naira,when 25,000×30tonnes should be giving about 750000.please clarify me on this. tt

    • Hi Akuma,

      The price per ton varies. And 25,000 is for cassava chips, not tubers, which would be harvested.

      Once you factor in all the direct costs and expenses, you’re left with little.

      So it’s advisable to go large scale or use high-yield stem cuttings, so you can try to meet the 25 to 30 tons harvest potential.

      Thank you for asking.

  25. Thanks for sharing this information.
    But i wish to ask if after i harvest the cassava can i still use the harvested stem as seed?
    and again, is a plot equivalent to an acre?

    • Hi Chinedu,

      1). The cassava stems can be planted.

      2). An acre is roughly about 6 plots of land.

      Thank you for asking.

        • One way you can store your cassava stems is by burying them after harvest, so they don’t dry up. They can also be stored in trenches under the shades of mostly plantains, amongst several other methods like roguing.

      • And againg I already have about an hectre of land availale in Ukwa East, Abia State, and from your land specs, i believe the land qualifies to be used as a cassava farm, because Ukwa East lga is known to have a flatbed landscape.
        Sir, pardon me to ask if it is necessary to wait till April before i can plant my cassava if i want to use irrigation farming method. I plan to use artificial water instead of waiting for the rain, don’t know if it is possible?

        I really love what you guys are doing, a big thanks to you all. In the future when are investment yield i would really want to have you guys as my consultant.

        • Hi Chinedu,

          An irrigation system is expensive for small farmers and will eat into your profits.

          To confirm if the land is fertile, please contact the local agricultural association in your state.

          They should be able to help you out better.

          Thank you for asking.

  26. Hello, I can say this for sure, what you’ve got on your site is revolutionary and enough to change anybody’s life. Just stumbled on your site and have been going through your articles and honestly at about 12:17am, I can’t hide my excitement cos I found just what I’ve been looking for. I will love to have your thought on Cassava processing in huge commercial scale, if it’s profitable as standalone venture. Picking a start with the thought of the financial implications and other requirements has left me somewhat stuck if not overwhelmed. I will really appreciate a perspective for direction.

    • Hi Gabriel,

      Before considering the profitable scale, you need to consider your ability to build a strong supply chain network.

      I’d also advise you carry out a feasibility study before you begin.

      Thank you.

  27. Hello Stan… This is such a wonderful piece and I am about to start up my own cassava farm. I just acquired 10acres of land in Ogun state. I don’t have any experience in Farming and I have a budget of 500k for the 10 acres which is to cover all labour cost as well as planting. This is a fertile land cos there are lots of cassava farms around. My fear is how to control pest and rodents and how much do I stand to gain on 10acres. Thank you

    • Hi Oludayo,

      Your yield is relative to the type of stem cuttings planted and your farming practice.

      I’d advice you hire professionals to manage your farm at its inception, for you.

      Thank you for asking.

  28. without Agriculture what can we do for the life of our country,we thank God for the gitf of Agriculture in Nigeria.

  29. Thanks for your good work. I have a 3acres plantain Farm. I just registered the Agric business and need to write a business plan as agro hub to other farmers on organic crops and animals. Thanks ahead

  30. Hi
    thanks for the information, can I use half plot of land for commercial farming of cassava?

    • Hi Wemimo,

      You’d achieve next to nothing with a half plot.

      The minimum you should consider using is a hectare.

      Thank you for asking.

  31. Hello Stan,
    You are such a gift….
    Can u advise on Inter-cropping maize and castor…and also which do u think is more profitable,maize or cassava farming please.I will also like to chat u on whatsapp pls….08137575773

    • Hi Dare,

      The profitability of any business lies in the strength of the entrepreneur’s supply chain.

      I hope you do understand.

      You can reach me on the phone number listed on the contact us page.

      Thank you for asking.

  32. Hello Mr Stan,
    Thank you for educating us about this great opportunity, and also for your prompt articulated responses to questions asked. May God continue to bless you.

  33. thanks, please how much does it cost to proccess 4tonne of cassava into gari using mechanical method (i.e cassava proccessing plant)

    • Hi Arinola,

      I may not be able to give that answer, but I’d advise you do a market research to get a current figure.

      Thank you for asking.

  34. Hi Stan. I can only say thank you very much for all you are doing for Nigerians who are interested in agriculture. May God bless you abundantly and the Holy Book says that “He adds no pain to His blessings.” Please I want to know which is more profitable between cassava farming and yam farming giving that all conditions are right? thank you very much in advance for your response.

    • My take is Cassava farming.

      Ultimately, the strength of your supply chain network determines the returns on your investments.

      Thank you for asking.

  35. Good day Mr Stan.

    I am Adeola. I have gone through your responses to peoples’ question and thanks for the selfless contribution.

    I plan venturing into garri processing using my cassava farming as source of raw materials.

    I need a business plan on both cassava farming and garri processing. Am interested in what tonage of garri can the machine process per day and what tonage of cassava required. This will inform me of how many acres of land do i need to plan for in order not to run out of raw materials throughout the year.

    I also need your ebook on cassava farming. I need to know the best time to plant my cassava.

    Thank u for your early response.

  36. Hi,
    Please can you send me a comprehensive business plan for cassava farming and garri processing on a large scale in order to develop my Own.


  37. This is really awesome and inspiring. I have been doing a lot of research lately on which of the crops to start farming. I buy the idea of this cassava farming and I will be glad if I can have access to the Ebook on Cassava farming. Thanks for the good work and empowerment of startups.

  38. I am James Mwape, a Zambian. I want to venture into cassava production and processing. I have been encouraged by the way Nigerians handle cassava. My main interest at the moment is in finished products which can be sold by simple businesses. I asking you to give me information on some of these products.
    I would appreciate if you can provide me with any information you think can be useful. Thanks in anticipation.


    • Hi James,

      There’s a wide array of processed products like ethanol, flour, garri, and much more that you can get from Cassava.

      A google search would be a great way to start.

      Thank you for asking.

  39. How can one identify the cassava possessing the qualities you mentioned above in your discussion on SELECTING THE BEST CASSAVA VARIETY TO PLANT?

    • Hi Steven,

      I’d advise you reach out to Cassava Growers on how to get high yield cassava stem cuttings.

      Thank you for asking.

  40. GOOD JOB, pls what period of the year can one cultivate cassava and yam and how many month will it take to be harvest.

  41. Good morning Stan,

    I am pleased to send you this mail. Hope you and yours are doing great.

    My brother has a 53 acre yet to be cultivated land in Oyo state, he wants to go into planting and cropping of cassava, maize and cashew.

    What suggestions do you have for him and is it possible to get a robust business plan to drive them?

    Warm regards.

  42. Hello Abidemi, getting a competent consultant or a professional is the best solution on cultivating the 53 acres, However I can be of great impact either as a consultant, professional or any other. I have a cassava farm of my own, and I also belong to a cooperative whereby we are cultivating cassava and maize on 450 acres next planting season. However, so many people lose money in farming due to lack of technical know-how which I can provide like selecting and getting a viable specie of cassava through stakeholders in IITA. conditions to be met for bumper harvest etc. You can contact me Via my email: [email protected] for my services.

    • Akinwa Oluwafemi, weldone. Please do you have the idea of how much is required to set up a garri processing company? And all to set up a cassava farm?

  43. Good morning stan, you are doing a great job here, I really do appreciate your effort! please I want to start cassava farming on an acre of land in ogun state basically for garri processing, I am deeply interested on how not to run out of raw material after the 1st harvest so production can continue all year round! and please do you have any idea of how I can get a locally fabricated peelers, washers,graters, de-watering system or big hydraulics system, all equipment needed to set up a small scale garri processing factory with less labour? my e mail is [email protected]

    • Hi Dehinde,

      The best place to fabricate anything now is in Nnewi, Anambra state.

      Thank you for asking.

  44. Good day Stan, great piece… I’m planning to go into cassava production. However your cost breakdown analysis was about 2 years ago. Please can you send an updated one if it’s not too inconvenient.


  45. Hi Stan,
    I have approximately 8 hectares of Cassava farm which will be fully matured by May. I want to sell to industries using Cassava starch/syrup for production. I have no contact for that now. Can you link me?

  46. Hi it’s me iskaba iskelebete iskoloboto when are we getting our cassava ebook

  47. HI Stan,

    You are really doing a great job. thanks for the info shared. Please I would love to invest in one acre of cassava farm. I am a corporate guy, but I am really interested in farming but dont have the time. Can you give me a profitability analysis of investing in one acre of cassava farm.



  48. Mr Stanley, thank you so much for the great work you’ve been doing here. I found it educative and informative which allow me to take bold step. Thank you ones again.

  49. Mr Stanley, I appreciate your good deeds, this platform is educative and informative. I just stubby into this blog through Google search, I have one acre of land want to cultivate plaintain and cassava on it; please I wish to know if I can start this month. Thank you so much for the great work.

  50. am very grateful for these information on cassava farming, more grease to your elbow. pls i want to know if one can cultivate cassava twice in a year. secondly i want to no if there are companies in enugu or environs that needs cassava tubers? thirdly, how much to lease an hectare of land?

  51. I really enjoy reading this, I stumble into it while googling on the most lucrative things to plant. I’m thinking of investing in farming even though I have no idea on it, what I have in mind is to grow any of these things: cassava, maize or plaintain. I want to lease about two to three acres of land because I don’t know how expensive buying the land may be.
    Please I need advise on how to go about these things as I know next to nothing on them.
    Thank you.

  52. Thank you sir, i have see your response toward people requests, pls i need a business plan on cassava farming for 5 years

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