How To Start A Lucrative Pure Water Business In Nigeria: The Complete Guide

How To Start Pure Water Business in Nigeria or Africa: Complete Guide
How To Start A Lucrative Pure Water Business In Nigeria Or Africa: Complete Guide | Image: NairaFinder

Pure water is a signature business on the Nigerian streets. According to recent reports, the production and sales of sachet water have extended to other African countries. The sales of water on the streets in every major city and town in Nigeria is a testimony to the water challenges faced by the nation. However, it would be untrue to infer that only Nigeria or Africa is confronted with water scarcity. As a matter of fact, the world at large suffers insufficiency of drinkable water since only 2.5 of the water on earth is drinkable, and only 1% of potable water is accessible to humans, with the rest reportedly trapped in glaciers. As a result, countries of the world react to this problem differently. The sales of sachet water is Nigeria’s peculiar way of fighting drinkable water scarcity.

Although water is not readily produced to be exported among countries of the world, global demand for water is on an alarming increase. According to available statistics, the United States of America, with an estimated population of 300 million inhabitants consume over 800 billion litres of water per year! China has only just reduced their water consumption rate from 1370 trillion litres to 670 billion litres in 2020. Brazil follows suit with annual water consumption of 359 billions of water. Despite these teeming numbers, water is still grossly insufficient, and it has been projected that by 2025, half the population of the world would be living in areas where water is a luxury.

Due to limited research, it is difficult to pinpoint how many litres of water Nigerians consume annually, but from the limited information, Nigerians gulp nothing less than 60 million bits of 50CL sachet ‘pure’ water on a daily basis. That makes it an annual total of 10.150 billion litres of sachet water!

The economic implications are apparent: the Nigerian workforce depends heavily on locally produced pure water. As a result, the pure water business can never run out of demands since water is a basic necessity, and the majority of Nigerians consider the sachet water within their means at N10 per sachet. So, if you’re considering starting a business venture, the pure water business is a secured investment for you. Here’s a guide on how to successfully start your own lucrative pure water business.

See Also: How To Start A Lucrative Ginger Production Business In Nigeria: The Complete Guide


What Is Pure Water?

Pure water is the product name of locally produced water, packaged in 50CL sachets, and sold across Nigeria and neighbouring countries. Better known as ‘pure water’ by the average Nigerian, the sachet-packaged water is common in major towns, cities and communities, and it is often preferred chilled, especially during a hot afternoon. The origin of pure water in Nigeria traces back to the early 1990s. It is the everyday drink of most Nigerians.


What Is Pure Water Production?

Pure water production describes the process of preparing, distilling, purifying, packaging, marketing and distributing water in small sachets quantity that can be drunk at once. The process of preparing and producing pure water is essentially the same, but different local companies undertake the production of pure water as their private businesses.

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Business Opportunities In Pure Water Production Business In Nigeria And Around The World

1). Distribution and Marketing:

The pure water business is not complete until it is delivered to the buyers. This requires the services of delivery boys, who often deliver in small trucks or busloads. There is also the need for a bus driver. In most urban areas, teenage boys and girls are contracted to sell the products along the streets or during traffic holdups. They are also delivered to local food vendors who offer them as bonus drinks to their customers.

2). Sachet Production:

One of the most basic materials needed to produce pure water is the nylon pack in which it is stored and distributed. The pure water production also keeps the producers of nylons employed.


Facts And Benefits Of Pure Water

  • 70 of the world is covered with water, although only 2.5% of the water is drinkable.
  • The male body contains more water than the female body, and a baby’s body contains 77% water (more than an adult man’s body).
  • Drinking 2 litres of water each day can give you a glowing skin and can keep you healthy.
  • There is 96% water content in cucumber.
  • Water is a greater solvent than any other liquid.
  • About 70% of the human brain is made up of water.
  • Water lubricates the spinal cord and joints.
  • In Africa, people spend about 40 billion hours fetching water each day.
  • Water helps to remove waste from the body system. It also forms urine and sweat, which help to eject body waste.
  • An average human being cannot survive 7 days without water.
  • China and Brazil are among the biggest consumers of water all over the world.
  • Water regulates body temperature.
  • Water forms a large part of saliva which aids mastication and avoids tooth decay.
  • A larger percentage of global water is used for industrial purposes than for drinking.
  • Nigerians consume 10.150 billion litres of sachet water annually.
  • Water helps to prevent heartburn
  • 50% of collected water is wasted to evaporation and overwatering.
  • Drinking too much water could cause water intoxication.
  • Water is highly needed for smooth food digestion and to avoid constipation

See Also: How To Start A Lucrative Orange Juice Production Business In Nigeria: The Complete Guide


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Types Of Pure Water

There are practically no types of pure water, but there are many diverse brands and producers which are usually registered and approved by NAFDAC.


How To Start A Pure Water Business In Nigeria: Step-By-Step Guide

Starting a pure water production business in Nigeria requires the following steps:

1). Get a Production Site:

Any large building with space enough for the machines will serve as a good site for the production of pure water. Ensure that it is not too far from living areas to avoid extreme transport expenses, but also make sure that you don’t situate it close to residential buildings because of the noise from the factory.

2). Sink A Borehole:

For constant water supply, you would have to sink a borehole within the premises of the factory. This might be a little costly, but it is a worthy investment. In addition to the borehole, you would need several overhead tanks from where water will flow to the distillation system. Do not use too many reservoir tanks to avoid leaving water in them for too long. More so, endeavour to clean the tanks regularly.

3). Install A Distillation System:

There are several options for the distillation system. Common ones include the Ultra Violet sterilization bulbs process, and the less expensive cup filters and microfilters. Although the proper comprehensive distillation systems are more expensive, they give you quality distilled water.

4). Procure A Sealing Machine:

An automatic sealing machine is one of the investments you have to make. They are speedy, efficient and timesaving. Some of them could seal as much as 40 to 50 sachets in one minute.

5). Get A Power Generation System:

In the absence of a steady power supply, you should consider getting a reliable power plant. The least generator suitable for pure water business is 25KV.

6). Employ Labour:

Processing pure water involves quite a number of stages, which you cannot do alone, especially if you wish to produce it on a large scale. This is the point where you employ manual labour. The good part is your personnel do not have to be skilled.

7). Register Your Business:

With all your labour and equipment set, you would need to establish your business and register it for recognition. A suitable business name and a logo are some of the things you need to register your pure water production business with the Corporate Affairs Commission.

8). Get Your Product Approved By NAFDAC:

The National Agency for Food and Drug Administration Control approval is important since your product is to be ingested. Your pure water samples will undergo a series of test, and once they pass, among other conditions, your products will be granted a NAFDAC registration number. After this stage, you’re good to commence sales and distribution.

9). Distribution And Sales:

To distribute, you need to employ marketers and get a bus and a bus driver. If you can’t afford a vehicle for a start, you could do with renting them or make do with tricycles. You should also network with major retailers of pure water and food vendors in the area.

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Challenges Of Pure Water Production Business In Nigeria

Some of the difficulties facing the production of Pure water in Nigeria are:

  • Low start-up capital
  • Lack of sophisticated equipment
  • Insufficiency of storage space
  • Limited loan facilities for dealers in pure water
  • Mistrust between the producers and distributors
  • Increase in production rate
  • High cost of maintaining machines and equipment
  • High market competition
  • Risks of thieves and criminals
  • High cost of maintaining the company at large
  • Low government support

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To Sum It Up

Water remains a basic necessity for human survival. What is sad about this is that not much of the available water is drinkable, and the government does little to meet the demand for clean water. A good pure water company can thrive well in filling this gap. A pure water production business in Nigeria is not without its challenges, but with a good plan and management, it will rake in surprising profits.

The pure water farming business in Nigeria can be a lucrative and profitable venture to start-up, due to its vast market demand and on your ability to build a wide sales network. If you’re looking for a lucrative business to venture into, the pure water business in Nigeria is a great option to explore.


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What are your thoughts on how to start a pure water business in Nigeria? Let me know by leaving a comment below.

Stan Edom
Stan Edom
I'm an entrepreneur with expertise in supply chain management, international trade, small business development, e-commerce, internet startups, renewable energy, and agriculture. I'm also a network engineer, I.T security expert, and computer programmer. In my spare time when I'm not working out at the gym, I try to solve problems people face in their everyday lives with whatever means necessary.

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1 Comment

  1. I must commend your effort to put this well detailed article together.

    There are some many people out there who do not even have a pinch of idea starting this.

    I must say….this is like a well detailed guide. Simple as ABC. The only bad aspect is the financial aspect.

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