How To Start A Bread Bakery In Nigeria Or Africa: Complete Guide

How To Start A Bread Bakery In Nigeria Or Africa: Complete Guide | Image Source: Pixabay

Bread is the third most consumed food staple in Africa just behind rice and cassava. It is a generally accepted food, and its appeal is because of its ready to eat nature and the fact that is is enjoyed by almost everyone.

The global bread consumption rate is estimated to be around $487 billion dollars annually, with the United state been the highest consumer of bread globally, consuming over $71 billion dollars worth of bread annually.

In Nigeria, the bread market was estimated to be worth around $338 million dollars in 2015, with over 160 million people consuming bread daily, and an average consumption rate of over 10,000 Naira being spent per head and around 2.2kg of bread consumed per head annually.

These bread consumption statistics makes the bread bakery business in Nigeria and many other places around the world, a very lucrative one as it produces an immediate turnover and can turn a profit in a very short time due to excessive demands.

If you’re looking to start a bread bakery business in Nigeria, you should read on

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What Is Bread?

Bread is a staple food made mainly from the mixture of flour and water, that makes a dough which is then baked to make bread.

Bread is a typical food throughout history, and it’s one of the oldest foods made, dating back to the discovery of agriculture, and has widely been accepted by different nations and groups.


What Is A Bread Bakery? 

A bread bakery is a shop or an outlet where the whole process of producing bread is carried out, and the finished product, being the bread, is made. This process may include; knitting of the bread (that is mixing the bread with butter, sugar, water and other ingredients) to pre-heating the oven to finally baking of the bread.

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Business Opportunities Bread Bakery Business in Nigeria

1). Source Of Food:

Bread has been a major source of food that is widely accepted around the world as an affordable meal for everyone to easily have.

2). Food Ingredient:

Bread has been known to be an ingredient in other food preparations, like its use as breadcrumbs in the preparation of crunchy crusts, thicken sauces, salad topping, stuffing roasted turkeys, or in bread puddings.

3). Animal Feed:

Bread when stale can be converted to animal feeds.

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Facts And Benefits Of Bread

  • Bread is famous around the world and is one of the world’s oldest foods
  • Bread is closely tied to religious expressions, communion, easter and lent
  • Sliced bread was first invented in 1928
  • Ancient Egyptians used mouldy bread as a treatment for infected burn wounds.
  • Bread goes stale 6 times much faster in the fridge than at room temperature.
  • The first meal ever consumed on the moon was bread and wine.
  • Germany has the most variety, selection and production of bread in the world, with 200 types of bread.
  • Bread is high in fibre and aids digestion.
  • Bread is high in calories, producing high energy.
  • Bread remains one of the most affordable food staples.
  • Bread is made from whole grains, making it a healthy source is carbohydrate.
  • Whole wheat bread helps in weight loss.

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How To Start A Bread Bakery In Nigeria: Step By Step Guide

There are different approaches to starting a bakery in Nigeria, but these are some necessary steps to starting a bread bakery in Nigeria:

1). Get Traning:

To become a professional baker, you need training in bakery and food processing. Going to work for a bakery or having an experience of working in a bakery would go a long way to help put you on a good start.

If you don’t want to work for a bread bakery, you could attend a bread bakery training and learn how to bake great bread, or you could simply hire an experienced baker and have them be in charge of the bread baking at the bakery.

2). Choose A Great Location:

When starting a bread bakery, doing a proper feasibility study cannot be overemphasised. You need to know the best areas to set up the bakery in.

Ideally, it should be a highly trafficked environment with ample parking space and close to residential environments so that a lot of people and businesses can see, visit, and also park while looking to purchase freshly baked hot bread.

Some other things to consider when choosing a location are:

  • Nearness to affordable raw materials
  • Nearness to market
  • Cost of landed properties
  • Power supply and road network
  • Hygiene
  • Security

5). Building the bakery:

When building a bakery, you must build to the required standard set by designated authorities, this is crucial as the daily running of the bakery is wholly depending on it.

Beyond the minimum best practice, you should also make the interior design of the bakery rich and inspiring to visitors so that they immediately feel hungry and have their cravings kick in the moment they step into the bakery.

6. Procure Bread Baking Equipment:

Some basic bread baking equipment you need to procure are;

i). Baking Oven

Starting a standing bakery, you would need an industrial oven, most likely the electric industrial oven as it would improve the quality and taste of the bread. It might cost a bit higher than traditional ovens, but is well worth the price and would make your work a lot easier.

ii). Flour Mixer

The flour mixer is a device that mixes the flour and other ingredients into a dough ready for baking. Depending on the size of the bakery and the amount of bread to be baked, you could choose the size of the mixer to buy.

But it is important to note that the mixer determines the texture of the bread so the best affordable quality should be selected.

iii). Slicing Machine

Sliced bread is the most popular bread in the world. Therefore, the slicing machine is key if you are baking in Nigeria and for Nigerians.

iv). Baking Pans

It is essential to create or buy baking pans that would match the shape and the size of bread you intend to bake, and most importantly, the shape and size in demand by the market.

v). Generator

There must be a steady, reliable generator that can power all available devices you have in the bakery.

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Challenges Of Starting A Bread Bakery In Nigeria

Here are some challenges that can affect starting a bread bakery in Nigeria, Africa, or many other places around the world:

  • Lack of new creative recipes
  • Unhealthy baking environments
  • Bureaucratic bottleneck
  • Poor Power supply
  • Lack of investment
  • Lack of industrialised equipment
  • Poor attitude to work
  • Poor managerial skills
  • Lack of capital for large scale production
  • Lack of adequate government assistance
  • Poor security

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To Sum It Up

Bread is the third most consumed food staple in most contries around the world. It is widely consumed across the various continents, and almost everyone likes the taste of bread, especially when it is freshly baked.

As a quick and cheap food anyone can get their hands on when they are hungry, starting a bread bakery business in Nigeria or anywhere else around the world can be a great move to make since it has a ready hungry market with almost immediate returns.

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