How To Start Moringa Farming In Nigeria Or Africa: Complete Guide

How To Start Moringa Farming In Nigeria Or Africa: Complete Guide | Image Source: Pixabay

The moringa plant is a globally known crop popular for its nutritional and medicinal value, whose high nutritional properties are derived directly from the root to the seed of the plant.

The use of the moringa plant has been ongoing as far back as the time of the early Romans and Egyptians. It has long proven to be highly efficient in the treatment of many ailments and many modern countries utilize its abundant qualities.

India is the largest producer of the Moringa plant, having an annual production rate of around 1.2 million tonnes. Nigeria is also a producer of the crop, taking the number 1 spot in Africa.

Moringa seeds have more monetary value and the leaves as a kilo of them can be sold for about N2,000. During the rainy season, farmers can harvest severally, depending on the size of the firm globally, 

If you’re looking for a profitable agro-business with key export opportunities, starting a moringa farming business in Nigeria is a great move.

See Also: How To Start The Lucrative Export Of Moringa Seeds From Nigeria To International Buyers


What Is Moringa?

Moringa is a plant often called the drumstick tree, the miracle tree, the ben oil tree, or the horseradish tree. Moringa has been in use for centuries due to its medicinal properties and numerous health benefits.

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What Is Moringa Farming?

Moringa farming refers to the cultivation of the moringa plant on for local sales, commercial purposes, and international trade. These include the processes ranging from planting, harvesting, preservation, packaging and trading of the leaves, seeds, oil and barks of the moringa oleifera and overall moringa species.

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Business Opportunities Associated With Moringa Farming

1). Perfume Production: 

Moringa contains a natural fragrance which is used in perfume production.

2). Moringa Soap Production:

Moringa Soap feeds the skin, making it healthy. It cleanses and detoxifies the skin as well. It contains anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties, protects the skin from the environment, and prevents premature ageing of the skin.

3). Moringa cosmetics: 

Moringa is well-suited as a naturally sourced cosmetic ingredient as it has a density of nutrients and chemical stability.

4). Medicine production: 

From the top to bottom of the moringa tree, it is rich in medicinal properties. It helps cure gastrointestinal problems, skin infections and much more, and this gives it more demand and usage in the field of medicine.

5). Oil Production: 

The pressing of moringa seeds leads to oil production, which is used by industries in the production of lotions and many others products.

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Facts And Benefits Of Moringa

  • Moringa is very nutritious
  • The moringa plant is rich in antioxidants
  • The moringa plant potentially reduces blood sugar levels
  • Moringa helps reduce inflammation. …
  • Moringa helps lower cholesterol.
  • It is one of the fastest-growing biomasses on the planet when properly nourished
  • A mature Moringa tree can grow to a height of 35 feet.


Types Of Moringa

There are various types of the moringa species, a few of them include:

1). Moringa Borziana Mattei:

This small Moringa occurs from southern Kenya to southern Somalia, always within 100 miles of the coast. It usually only bears one or two stems, which typically reach about waist level. These shoots die back to the tuber every few years, but occasionally, the plant may grow into a small tree.

The tuber is often huge and can reach more than one and a half meters below the surface.

2). Moringa Drouhardii: 

This is a moringa species of southwestern Madagascar. It can be found in the Madagascar spiny thickets eco-region. The species is often planted in local villages and around traditional tombs. The seeds are rich in edible oil and flocculating proteins, and the leaves are eaten as green vegetables.

3). Moringa Ovalifolia: 

Moringa Ovalifolia is a lush flowering tree of the family Moringaceae native to Namibia and southwestern Angola, a succulent-stemmed tree, growing in the desert and semi-arid areas. The plant grows vertically and can reach 23 ft in height. It is deciduous, having a main branch up to 1 meter in diameter.

4). Moringa Stenopetala:

This specie is commonly known as the African Moringa or cabbage tree; it can often be found in Kenya and Ethiopia. It is a drought-resistant species, characterized by its bottle-shaped trunk, long twisted seed pods, and edible leaves likened to cabbage, from which its common name is derived.

5). Moringa Peregrina: 

This is a species of flowering plant in the family Moringaceae that is native to Arabian Peninsula Horn of Africa and Southern Sinai, Egypt and can be found throughout Arabia, Egypt and as far north as Syria. Moringa peregrine grows on rocky wadis and on cliffs in arid areas.

6). Moringa Ruspoliana: 

This is one of the most morphologically different species in the family; this specie occurs from northern Somalia to southeastern Ethiopia. It is distinguished from all the other species in the family. It is the only specie that has pinnate leaves. Moringa Ruspoliana has the largest leaflets in the family, reaching 15 cm in diameter, and are the thickest leaflets in the family. Moringa Ruspoliana also stands out for having the grandest flowers in the family, reaching 3 cm long.

When young, moringa ruspoliana forms a thick taproot. As the plant ages, the root swells become more globose and begins to send out thick side roots, usually four in number.

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How To Start Moringa Farming In Nigeria

1). Site Selection: 

For a moringa farm to thrive, it must be situated in a proper location with quality soil content, adequate irrigation, befitting climate functional space and absence of pests and other factors which could hamper the growth of the moringa plants.

All these are to be considered when picking a site for a moringa farm.

2). Land Preparation: 

The moringa plant requires well-drained soil, preferably loamy soil to enable it to grow with ease. All foreign items should be cleared off the land to prevent soil infection and plant-growth hindrance.

3). Planting And Harvesting:

The moringa seeds should be planted directly to a sandy or loamy soil which is adequately moist and not waterlogged. The seeds should be clean, healthy and planted within a space of about 45cm.

Harvesting of shoot and leaves of the moringa plant can be achieved using a sickle or using machinery for large-scale production. Seeds should also be harvested as soon as they turn dry-brown as this signifies maturity.

When the moringa plants are harvested, they should be stored in a cool, dry location.

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Challenges Of Moringa Farming In Nigeria

Here are some challenges that can affect starting moringa farming in Nigeria, Africa, or many other places around the world:

  • Pest and diseases
  • Lack of government support
  • Lack of funding for large scale production
  • Lack of a highly favourable market
  • Lack of highly equipped storage facilities 
  • Lack of efficient production mechanisms
  • Not popularly known
  • Absence of a vast ready market
  • Poor funding of research activities
  • Bush burning
  • Lack of capital for large scale production
  • Lack of easy access to the international market
  • Instability of the international market price
  • Lack of adequate widespread knowledge on how to produce high-quality products
  • Lack of funds to import international standard processing machinery
  • Thieves and criminals

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To Sum It Up

The moringa farming business in Nigeria can be a lucrative and profitable venture to start-up, due to its vast market demand and on your own ability to build a wide supply chain network. If you’re looking for a farming business to venture into, the moringa farming business in Nigeria is a great option to explore.


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