How To Start A Lucrative Quail Farming Business In Nigeria: The Complete Guide
Quail farming in Nigeria is regarded as one of the most profitable aspects of poultry farming in the country. This is as a result of the high demand of Quail eggs, even more than their meats, as quail eggs are said to be far more nutritious than regular chicken eggs and are known to be a good meal for people suffering from various ailments like asthma, ulcer, high blood pressure, and much more.
The return on investment in quail farming in Nigeria is quick and relatively high because of the high local demand, and as such, a large part of the poultry market is venturing into the quail farming business in Nigeria.
With a small investment, modest piece of land or space, easy management, and reduced labour involved, anyone could venture into quail farming in Nigeria and build a successful business in the process within a short period of time.
What Is Quail Farming In Nigeria About?
Quail farming in Nigeria is the commercial rearing of quails for their eggs and food needs.
Business Opportunities In Quail Farming Around The World
1). Source Of Meat:
Quails are a great source of meat, just like many other poultry products, and as such, their meats are sold at a premium in some places and below market price in other places, making them a profitable poultry product to deal in.
2). Eggs Distribution:
The eggs of quails are rigid, nutritious, and in high demand, making them cost more than the average eggs of chickens. You could venture into the quail egg distribution business as a plus to your existing quail farm.
Facts And Benefits Of Quail Farming In Nigeria
- At 6 weeks of age, female Quails can weigh between 175 to 200 grams while the males quails can weigh between 125 to 150 grams.
- Female quails start to lay eggs from around 7 weeks of age and continue till around when they’re 22 weeks old.
- Quails usually lay eggs during the evenings.
- A Quail’s egg can weigh anywhere from 9 to 12 grams with the right nutritional care.
- Male and female quails are required to be separated from around the age of 4 weeks.
- Egg-laying Quails should have at least 16 hours of light per day.
- For Quails to produce fertile eggs, the males should be reared along with the females that are around 8 to 10 weeks of age.
- The male to female Quail ratio is 1:5.
- The incubation period for Quail eggs is 18 days.
- 500 females Quails can produce 1500 eggs a week
- The male Quails makes a certain sound that can be disturbing to people.
- Quail eggs are highly nutritious and can help fight some diseases.
- Quail farming is not as capital intensive as chicken farming.
- The return on investment happens in a short period.
- Quails do no usually incubate their eggs, and so, you need an incubator on the farm.
- Quails have a strong immune system.
- It costs little to set up a quail farm.
Types Of Quail Breeds
Some various types of Quail breeds are:
- Tuxedo Quail
- Pharaoh Quail
- British Range Quail
- English White Quail
- Manchurian Golden Quail
- Bobwhite (American) Quail
- White Breasted (Indian) Quail
How To Start Quail Farming In Nigeria: Step By Step Guide
1). Choose A Quail Breed:
The first step is to choose the Quail breed you intend to rear. This breed is highly dependent on your local market, so you should make a well-informed decision than one which is based on personal sentiments of you liking a breed better than another.
As mentioned earlier, there are various types of Quail breeds to choose from. They range from layer breeds to broiler breeds, and so, choosing the right Quail breed based on what you intend to achieve is critical to growing a successful business.
2). Setup The Right Housing Structure:
The housing structure for raising quails must be followed carefully as a couple of things must be in place to ensure the birds have a comfortable environment to grow in.
- You can either use a cage or a deep litter system to raise your quails. Generally, the cage system is the best for the task because it is easy to manage, unlike the deep litter system.
- Ensure that wires are used for the cages to ensure they are well ventilated and can get enough in-flow of light.
- The cages should be positioned to protect the Quails from pests like snakes, rodents, and more.
- 40 to 60 quails can be raised in a cage measuring about 130 centimetres in length, 80 centimetres in width, and 30 centimetres in height.
3). Purchase Quail Chicks:
It is always best to start a Quail farm with Quail chicks instead of purchasing partially grown Quails. This brings your costs down to a great extent and prepares you for a much larger return on investment when the chicks are fully grown and reproducing in large numbers.
Fast-growing, highly reproductive, and healthy quails are usually well fed. You should strive to meet their food needs as quails need to consume poultry feed that contains a lot of proteins.
Logically, an adult quail consumes far more feed than a chick.
5). Egg Laying/Production:
Quails require the presence of an average of one male Quail to 5 female Quails, including adequate light for egg production. this light can either be direct sunlight or from a heater or bulb. To ensure reproduction is at its peak, you should ensure you purchase healthy and highly-reproductive birds and ensure they are well fed and taken care of in the right environment.
6). Raising The Quails:
Quails need heat to stay warm and healthy. Ultimately, the right temperature must be maintained all day every day, and this can be done with the introduction of artificial heat which should be available at least 16 hours daily.
It is important to note that Quails don’t incubate their eggs, and as a result, you’d have to result to artificial means with an incubator to hatch the eggs, which would usually take a period of 15 to 18 days.
7). Disease Control:
While Quails are less prone to diseases unlike other poultry birds, you still have to ensure they’re well-taken care off to avoid any disease outbreak. You can do this by always keeping the house clean and dry, separating sick quails from the rest, ensuring there’s unrestricted access to light and air, provide fresh clean water, and always feed the quails with hygenic animal feed.
8). Marketing Your Quails:
To market your quails, you should build supply relationships with restaurants, hotels, bars, and more that buy quails and their eggs in large quantities and need a constant monthly supply. You can also visit markets to sell your quails and their eggs to the retailers there and also to people looking to start quail farms of their own.
Challenges Of Quail Farming In Nigeria
- Lack of experience.
- Pest and diseases
- Low and unstable investment in agricultural research.
- Financial challenges.
- Marketing challenges.
- Weed control.
- High cost of production.
- Low consumer purchasing power.
- Poorly managed supply chain.
Quail farming in Nigeria can be a Lucrative and profitable venture, partly due to its vast market demands and largely on your own ability to build a wide supply chain network. If you’re looking for a part agribusiness to venture into, Quail farming in Nigeria is another option to explore.
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What are your thoughts on how to start quail farming in Nigeria, Africa, or anywhere around the world? Let me know by leaving a comment below.